Anne Hidalgo, the first woman, mayor of Paris : cherchez la femme !

For the first time in France, a woman, Anne Hidalgo ( Socialist party), was elected Mayor of Paris. In our male chauvinist country, when women enter a male dominated job, it usually means that this job has just become less attractive for men so far as either power or money are concerned.   Some  82% of teachers, 77% of the newly appointed  judges, are women. And if only 40% of doctor are female, given the long hours and the hardship of the job, they should be 60% by 2022.

Pussy power

Being mayor of Paris still remains a position that is very sought after by men. Contrary to the over exposed job of Prime Minister, who has not the power but takes the knocks and crashes for the President (as Premier François Fillon did for Sarkozy), contrary to the minister of Interior, whose future is to become the next Prime Minister ( Michel Rocard for François Mitterrand and now Manuel Valls) to make sure he won’t stand for the next election and thus allow the president another round, being the mayor of Paris could be the stairway to presidential heaven.  With a time span of 5 years, the action of the mayor is visible, the pressure is not too high… That is how Jacques Chirac sneaked into the presidential job.

Family business

When one sees that both candidates for the town hall were women and that the head of the Front National party is a woman, you could be forgiven for thinking that the situation of women in politics has greatly improved. It certainly has changed. If women in politics are no longer known for being former mistresses like Edith Cresson or Yvette Roudy with Mitterrand, Michelle Barzac, Michelle Cotta, with Jacques Chirac, they still need a solid family background to survive swimming with sharks. Extreme right Marine Le Pen is the daughter of her notorious father, Nathalie Kosciuscko Morizet is the the daughter of François, mayor of Sèvres, Martine Aubry, daughter of Jacques Delors, and Anne Hidalgo is the « adoptive daughter » of Bertrand Delanöé. The socialist government of 2012 made sure half of the 34 ministers were women and no longer confined to minor portfolios. The reduced new government  of Manuel Valls keeps this balance.

Le fait du prince

With the French party system, it is easier for women in France to reach the toughest heights of executive power - becoming a minister or even the Prime minister - than to be elected as mayor in a small town. The reason is very simple. These top jobs depend solely on political willingness. For Anne Hidalgo deputy mayor of Paris, it was « le fait du prince » for Bertrand Delanoë designated her as his natural inheritor. Nathalie Kosciusko Morizet would never have been able to candidate for the town hall, had she not conviced her party (UMP) to go for a primary election.

Minority Reports

This more democratic way of chosing candidates was launched by the socialist party for the presidential election in 2007 and thus allowed Segolene Royal to be a candidate.

In big cities, regions or counties, since the parity law vote in 2000, you need to have as many women as many men in the list (scrutin de liste). Even if,  as still happens, women are not always near the top of the list and thus in a position to be elected, it has certainly increased the proportion of women in politics ; They now represent 26,79 % of MPs, and 22,1% of senators. And women are still 50% of the French population…

Boys will be boys

In small towns or in some departments, where you vote for one person (« scrutin uninominal »), there is a good chance that the outgoing mayor, who mainly happens to be a man, will be reelected.   No wonder women represent only 13,8% of the mayors in France.    Since male chauvinism is a very French tradition like baguette or croissant, the glass ceiling remains often very low.

Boyz in the hood

As far as the place of women in French politics is concerned, the first hindrance was religion. Contrary to Protestantism, Catholicism does not allow women to become priests, so it give them little opportunity to train for power. Then came the Salic laws inherited from Clovis and the Middle ages; they specified that the inheritor of the throne should be a male.   And the reason why is very simple, if women were not allowed to become priests, how could they contemplate ruling the holy kingdom ? These very ancient laws were put back into fashion in 1328 for very practical reasons.

God save the Queen

Among the children of Philippe IV, Le Bel, whose three sons died, his daughter Isabelle de France was the sole descendant. But being the wife of King Edward II of England, her son, the future King Edward III would inherit the French crown too. Thus to prevent this major catastrophe, the French wise men of the period argued the Salic laws made it absolutely impossible for a woman to inherit the French throne. So to make a long story short, very short, if the chauvinist French put the Salic law back into fashion, it is because of the Brits. Unfortunately, this small episode had long lasting consequences for women. No Fairy Queen enchanted our history.

Not a way to treat a Lady

The French Revolution in 1789 was another missed opportunity. When the French feminist Olympes de Gouges wrote her « manifeste des droit de la femme » ( manifesto of women’s rights) in 1791, she claimed that if «  A woman has the right to climb onto the scaffold, she must also have the right to stand up in the Assembly » .   However her wish was partially fullfilled since she was sent to the gallow in 1793!    And because Napoleon I wanted a divorce from Josephine, he made sure that her claims could not be over-ambitious and that a woman must remain under the authority of her father or husband.

One woman, one vote

Later the World Wars allowed women to show they could handle themselves while men were fighting. Though there was some attempt to send them back to the kitchen in most European countries, they gained recognition. And they were granted little by little more space in the political arena. Thanks to the fight of the Suffragettes, English women above 30 year old, could vote as early 1918, whereas French women above 21 year old had to wait until 1945 to benefit from that privilege. Unlike most European countries, where the left wing parties helped women to break the glass ceiling, in France, it was the Left that postponed women’s vote. In 1936, the socialist, Leon Blum, who was in favour of female vote, and had for the first time three women in his government, renounced it. He realised that if women would vote, they would vote like their husbands for the right wing party and he would lose power; In the end, it was the General de Gaulle, who knew women would favour his status as war hero, who allowed them to vote in 1945. Still a long way to come !

Leave Comment

Leave a Comment

Enter the characters shown in the image.

Debbipr (non vérifié)

jan 06, 2017 · Reply

I bought the cat didn't know what to call him. Found here full list (black and white cat names) of names for cats.

ekaxujawes (non vérifié)

jan 09, 2017 · Reply -

ihozivuci (non vérifié)

jan 09, 2017 · Reply -

tofonogizakuv (non vérifié)

jan 09, 2017 · Reply -

efefokezewa (non vérifié)

jan 09, 2017 · Reply -

iluzunahe (non vérifié)

jan 09, 2017 · Reply -

JasonGuids (non vérifié)

fév 11, 2017 · Reply

check ended this online casinos where you can conquer legal notes with the avoid of this guidebookPlaying bitcoin casino bonus

mamaeka (non vérifié)

mar 04, 2017 · Reply

Pernahkah anda mengalami low bat bahkan baterai off disaat – saat yang penting dan harus membalas sms atau bbm atau malahan harus menelpon seseorang. Jika anda ada dirumah maka permasalahan selesai akan tetapi bagaimana jika itu terjadi pas ditengah jalan, pas lagi bertamu, pas lagi rapat, pas lagi jalan – jalan, pas lagi dimall atau mungkin pas dimobil dan lagi macet.Kini telah hadir charger darurat atau biasa dikenal dengan power bank yang berfungsi untuk meng-cas alat gadget anda seperti handphone, blackberry atau tablet pc anda.Dengan alat ini anda tidak perlu lagi repot keliling mencari colokan listrik (itu pun kalau bawa kabel cas listrik), cukup colokan langsung ke handphone atau blackberry atau ipad anda maka permasalahan akan lowbat bahkan baterai off pun terselesaikan. Jual Charger Darurat / Power Bank untuk Gadget anda

NataliePen (non vérifié)

avr 27, 2017 · Reply

Проектирование очистных сооружений – это главное направление деятельности компании «Эколос». Если вас интересует проектирование очистных сооружений для частного дома, проектирование городских очистных сооружений, проектирование очистных сооружений района, проектирование осадки очистных сооружений, проектирование промышленных очистных сооружений, проектирование очистных сооружений ливневых стоков, проектирование локальных очистных сооружений, то вам нужно обратиться в «Эколос». Многие жители Ставрополя и Ростова на Дону уже оценили обслуживание очистных сооружений, эксплуатацию очистных сооружений, строительство очистных сооружений, расчет очистных сооружений с «Эколос». нужно учесть, что здесь для модернизации, изготовления и проектирования очистных сооружений применяются непременно высококачественные современные материалы и технологии. Поэтому проектирование очистных сооружений стоков, проектирование биологических очистных сооружений, проектирование очистных канализационных сооружений, проектирование очистных сооружений сточных вод, проектирование локальных очистных сооружений, проектирование осадок очистных сооружений у нас является приведет к результатам, которых вы ждете. Специалисты компании помогут вам со строительством, обслуживанием, проектированием и эксплуатацией очистных сооружений в Ставрополе и Ростове на Дону, а также других регионах России. Добавим также, что спектр услуг компании довольно разнообразен. Это и проектирование ливневых очистных сооружений, и проектирование систем очистных сооружений, и проектирование бытовых очистных сооружений, и проектирование схем очистных сооружений, и проектирование очистных сооружений для автомойки, и проектирование очистных сооружений для дома, и реконструкция очистных сооружений, и очистка очистных сооружений, и установка очистных сооружений. Очистные сооружения. ГК ЭКОЛОС: Аудит биологические очистных сооружений

MarvRewly (non vérifié)

mai 07, 2017 · Reply

Cytotec Pills For Sale viagra What Is Keflex Used For Achat De Viagra En Belgique Macrobid Nitrofurantoin Online Valtrex Prescription Viagra Resultat Viagra Brand On Line

Guestillut (non vérifié)

mai 08, 2017 · Reply

guest test post bbcode html http://googlee.te/ simple

KennGede (non vérifié)

juin 16, 2017 · Reply

Levitra Eigenschaften viagra Burpropionxl Vs Vyvance Effetti Cialis 10 Nolvadex Pharmacy Length Of Levitra Patent What Are The Reactions To Amoxicillin Viagra Online Usa Achat Baclofen 10mg Viagra Remboursement Buy Online Usa Cialis Senza Ricetta In Italia Cialis 40 Vardenafil Bupropion Recreational Use Keflex Cellulitis Order Cialis Tablets buy accutane online canada Cephalexin Protocol Free Full Text Journal Kamagra Pill Viagra Generica Barcelona

Lornitrieclica (non vérifié)

juil 27, 2017 · Reply

roulette casino casino site +Pokies +bonus best online Pokies

Raymondcus (non vérifié)

aoû 18, 2017 · Reply

Zapatillas Mizuno Mujin While you are looking to dedicate some thing to recollection, it's significant in which to stay the present time just as much as you possibly can. Stay away from the urge to target the last or perhaps the future when you are understanding. Make each and every hard work to target your consideration on the material available, and you will probably preserve it much better. With regards to creating the most from at present owned expensive jewelry, think about fixing sections that you just at present individual as opposed to purchasing brand new ones. This really is beneficial not simply since you might save money but in addition since you will once again be able to dress in some precious jewelry you have a fondness for presently.

Nelsonboymn (non vérifié)

aoû 18, 2017 · Reply

Adidas Superstar Daim Beige As you may have observed, the guidelines of excellent website design are certainly not awfully strange or difficult to put into practice. Nonetheless, a lot of websites nonetheless dismiss these basic tactics. Will not allow your site fall into this class. Set these techniques into exercise to create a web site you could be proud of.Ideas That Ensure Ideal Photos On A Regular Basis Nowadays, it seems like you operate into more and more people who wish to have fantastic hair and why not? With more recent, hi-def video clip video cameras along with the growing recognition which we have witnessed with social networking, folks are uncovered on digicam more than ever prior to. This information is likely to give great good hair care suggestions for yourself.

GreggNug (non vérifié)

aoû 18, 2017 · Reply

huraoey Tod's Calzature Torino Jimmy Choo Bridal 2017 Scarpe Converse Bianche Alte Nike Air Force Nere Prezzo Jordan Uomo Scarpe

JoshuaDearm (non vérifié)

aoû 19, 2017 · Reply

Adidas Superstar Chico Are you currently mindful of the "wonder hrs" in picture taking? This time period of time means the days of working day called dusk and daybreak. These mystical occasions produce quite delicate and hot illumination circumstances. There is certainly only 45 moments around dawn and sunset to add this beautiful light-weight to your photos, so prepare accordingly. Watch for frauds that promise the supreme measure of achievement with a single workout. Body building requires that you switch the schedule often, and do exercise routines which will work many different muscle groups. If all you are doing is working together with one particular equipment or using one isolated regimen, you are going to never ever view the results you are actually seeking.